Clinics (Sao Paulo).2019;74:e1101.

Why ophthalmology? Analysis of the motivating factors influencing the choice of ophthalmology as a career among different generations in Brazil

Gustavo Rosa Gameiro ORCID logo , Ana Letícia Fornazieri Darcie ORCID logo , Daniel Hazaki ORCID logo , Giovana Rosa Gameiro ORCID logo , Pedro Carlos Carricondo ORCID logo

DOI: 10.6061/clinics/2019/e1101

OBJECTIVES:

The increasing demand for medical specialties with flexible working hours has been associated with the important role of quality of life as a determining factor when choosing a career in medicine, which might change the motivations for pursuing a career in ophthalmology. We aim to identify the main determinants of ophthalmology as a career choice as well as the reasons that motivated previous generations to follow this path.

METHODS:

Responses to self-administered online questionnaires were analyzed.

RESULTS:

A total of 225 responses were analyzed, including those of baby boomers (21), generation X (48), generation Y (131) and generation Z (25). Although the main reasons for choosing ophthalmology as a career are the same for all the generations in this study (flexible working hours, self-satisfaction from helping people improve their vision and the possibility of performing surgical procedures), some reasons for this career choice are more important to the younger generations (short-term results and short procedures), and some are more important to the older generations (the influence of an ophthalmologist in the family).

CONCLUSION:

The main reasons for choosing ophthalmology as a career are essentially the same over time. The differences in secondary motivations could be explained by generational differences.

Why ophthalmology? Analysis of the motivating factors influencing the choice of ophthalmology as a career among different generations in Brazil

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